Airway obstruction, apnea and hypotension are not uncommon during sedation and require the presence of health professionals who are suitably trained to detect and manage these problems.
Sedation scales are used in medical situations in conjunction with a medical history in assessing the applicable degree of sedation in patients in order to avoid under-sedation (the patient risks experiencing pain or distress) and over-sedation (the patient risks side effects such as suppression of breathing, which might lead to death).
As of 2000 this study is accepted as standard practice and multiple IV anesthetics is the preferable recommendation for optimal patient care.
The procedure for sedation is usually explained to the patient by an attending clinician.
1974) and the RASS (Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale).
The American Society of Anesthesiologists defines the continuum of sedation as follows: In the United Kingdom, deep sedation is considered to be a part of the spectrum of general anesthesia, as opposed to conscious sedation.
Sedation is also used extensively in the intensive care unit so that patients who are being ventilated tolerate having an endotracheal tube in their trachea.
Also can be used during a long term brain EEG to help patient relax.
Any head, neck, or spinal cord injuries should be noted as well as any diagnosis of osteoporosis.An IV access line is set in place for fluid replacement and injection of medications.A history is usually taken to assess risk and choice of medication.If sedatives are misused or accidentally combined, as in the case of combining prescription sedatives with alcohol, they can dangerously depress important signals that are needed to maintain heart and lung function. For these reasons, sedatives should be used under supervision and only as necessary.Sedation is the reduction of irritability or agitation by administration of sedative drugs, generally to facilitate a medical procedure or diagnostic procedure.